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Many heroes lived before Agamemnon, but they are all unmourned, and consigned to oblivion, because they had no bard to sing their praises.
— The Odes by Horace

In Greek mythology, Agamemnon is a king of Mycenae and a primary figure in Homer's The Iliad and several Greek dramas. A son of a cursed family, Agamemnon was doomed to a life of tragedy.

Agamemnon and his brother, Menelaus, were the sons of Atreus, the king of Mycenae. Atreus's wife committed adultery with his brother, Thyestes, so Atreus murdered Thyestes's sons. Aegisthus, another of Thyestes's sons, murdered Atreus and made Thyestes king. Agamemnon and Menelaus fled to Sparta, where they married the Spartan princesses Clytemnestra and Helen, respectively. Menelaus became Sparta's king and helped Agamemnon overthrow Thyestes and replace him as king.

Paris, a Trojan prince, abducted Helen and the noblemen of Greece were called to honor an oath to protect her. Agamemnon was made commander-in-chief of the Greek forces. Ten years passed before the Greeks sacked Troy and recovered Helen. In Agamemnon's absence, Clytemnestra had become Aegisthus's lover. She murdered Agamemnon upon his return. Agamemnon's son, Orestes, killed Clytemnestra and Aegisthus in revenge. An assembly of gods pardoned Orestes, lifting the family's curse.

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