The Afghan mujahideen refers to a loose group of Sunni and Shia Islamist factions that fought against the Soviet forces and the Soviet-Afghan War and the Afghan Civil War.

After the communist coup in 1978, many living in rural areas were heavily against the new regime and felt this even more so due to its repressive nature. This caused many groups to take up arms and fight against the communist government. The Soviet Union, wanting a pro-Soviet Afghanistan, staged a coup and killed the current president, starting the Soviet-Afghan War. The war would last nine years, with the Soviet Union hopeless in stopping the Mujahideen factions. Eventually, in 1987, Mikhail Gorbachev began to withdraw Soviet troops from Afghanistan, which would eventually end the war.

Mujahideen groups, some of them more or less united in the Islamic Unity of Afghanistan Mujahideen, in the years 1989–1992 proclaimed as their conviction that they were battling the hostile "puppet regime" of the Republic of Afghanistan in Kabul. In March 1989, the mujahideen groups Hezb-e Islami Gulbuddin and Ittehad-e Islami in cooperation with the Pakistani Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) attacked Jalalabad but they were defeated by June.

In March 1991, a mujahideen coalition quickly conquered the city of Khost. In March 1992, having lost the last remnants of Soviet support, President Mohammad Najibullah agreed to step aside and make way for a mujahideen coalition government. One mujahideen group, Hezb-e Islami Gulbuddin, refused to confer and discuss a coalition government under the Pakistani sponsored Peshawar Peace Accords and invaded Kabul. This kicked off a civil war, starting 25 April 1992, between initially three, but within weeks five or six mujahideen groups or armies.

Battle vs. Viet Cong (by 3shady)

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Winner: Afghan Mujahideen

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Battle vs. Khmer Rouge (by Necron Jesus)

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